Like other parts of body these brain lobes will b affected by a serious car accident and it may occurs cervical spine injury. Our law firm provides you best injury lawyers, road accident lawyers, wrongful termination lawyer, and car insurance lawyers.What we know as lobes of the brain consists of a classification by plots of the cerebral cortex that allows mapping of the main areas of nerve activity. These are not radically separate areas from each other, but they are relatively easy to distinguish from each other if we look at the folds and different crevices of the brain.
What does each brain lobe control? These plots are the lobes of the brain, and below you can read their most basic aspects, bearing in mind that each cerebral hemisphere has the same number, types and distribution of lobes.
1. Frontal lobe
In humans, it is the largest of the brain lobes. It is characterized by its role in the processing of high-level cognitive functions such as planning, coordination, execution and behavior control. By extension, it also enables goal setting, foresight, language articulation, and emotion regulation.
Furthermore, the ability to take others into account is born from the frontal lobe (since it counteracts the influence of impulses to satisfy our desires immediately, in favor of long-term goals) and establish theory of mind, which is our ability to infer things about the mental state of others. For example, being aware that we know something that someone else does not know is possible thanks to the theory of mind.
In short, this is one of the brain lobes with a more prominent role in the functions that we would relate more directly to intelligence, planning and coordination of complex voluntary movement sequences. This part of the cortex is typical of vertebrate animals and is especially large in mammals since this evolutionary group contains the most intelligent species on the planet.
More about this lobe in the next post: “What is the frontal lobe and how does it work?”
2. Parietal lobe
It is located between the frontal and occipital lobes, and is mainly responsible for processing sensory information that comes from all parts of the body , such as touch, the sensation of temperature, pain and pressure, and is able to relate this information to the number recognition. It also makes control of movements possible thanks to its proximity to the planning centers of the frontal lobe.
Furthermore, it receives visual information from the occipital lobe and works creating associations between this type of data and other inputs from other areas.
3. Occipital lobe
In humans, it is the smallest of the four main lobes of the brain and is located in the posterior area of the skull, near the nape of the neck.
It is the first area of the neocortex to which visual information reaches. Therefore, it plays a crucial role in the recognition of objects whose light is projected onto the retina, although by itself it does not have the capacity to create coherent images. These images are created from the processing of this data in areas of the brain called visual association areas.
The occipital lobe sends information about vision to other brain lobes through two different communication channels.
The first of these, which goes to the front of the brain through the ventral area (that is, the one furthest from the top of the head), processes information about the “what” of what is seen, that is, , the content of the vision.
The second channel, which goes to the front through the dorsal area (near the crown), processes the “how” and the “where” of what is seen, that is, aspects of movement and location in a broader context.
4. Temporal lobe
The temporal lobes of each hemisphere are located on the sides of the brain, arranged horizontally and attached to the temples.
They receive information from many other areas and lobes of the brain and their functions have to do with memory and pattern recognition in data from the senses. Therefore, it plays a role in recognizing faces and voices, but also in remembering words.
The insula is a part of the cortex that is hidden between the rests of the lobes of the brain and, to see it, it is necessary to separate the temporal and parietal lobes from each other. That is why it is frequently not considered as one more lobes.
It is attached to structures in charge of making possible the appearance of emotions , since it is highly connected to many areas of the limbic system , and is probably in charge of mediating between these and the cognitive processes that take place in the rest of the lobes of the brain.